Philippine democracy

Democracy in the philippines ppt

The first Congress elected under this Constitution shall, within eighteen months from the time of organization of both Houses, pass the organic acts for the autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination. The Philippine Commonwealth was inaugurated in under a democratic constitution patterned after the United States bicameral system. According to CPJ, 82 journalists and media workers have been killed in the country from to There shall be a Commission on Elections composed of a Chairman and six Commissioners who shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and, at the time of their appointment, at least thirty-five years of age, holders of a college degree, and must not have been candidates for any elective positions in the immediately preceding elections. Charitable institutions, churches and personages or convents appurtenant thereto, mosques, non-profit cemeteries, and all lands, buildings, and improvements, actually, directly, and exclusively used for religious, charitable, or educational purposes shall be exempt from taxation. Estrada expanded the land reform program and the death penalty, and refused to sign contracts with sovereign guarantees on public projects. The jurisdiction of the metropolitan authority that will thereby be created shall be limited to basic services requiring coordination. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall then act as President until the President or Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified. The Judiciary shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. This has been the lowest index score since At the height of the campaign, the negative impact of inflation has already been attenuated. The Commission on Audit shall have the power, authority, and duty to examine, audit, and settle all accounts pertaining to the revenue and receipts of, and expenditures or uses of funds and property, owned or held in trust by, or pertaining to, the Government, or any of its subdivisions, agencies, or instrumentalities, including government-owned or controlled corporations with original charters, and on a post- audit basis: constitutional bodies, commissions and offices that have been granted fiscal autonomy under this Constitution; autonomous state colleges and universities; other government-owned or controlled corporations and their subsidiaries; and such non-governmental entities receiving subsidy or equity, directly or indirectly, from or through the Government, which are required by law or the granting institution to submit to such audit as a condition of subsidy or equity. No pardon, amnesty, parole, or suspension of sentence for violation of election laws, rules, and regulations shall be granted by the President without the favorable recommendation of the Commission. All persons, except those charged with offenses punishable by reclusion perpetua when evidence of guilt is strong, shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, or be released on recognizance as may be provided by law.

Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected.

In no case shall any Member be appointed or designated in a temporary or acting capacity. Such rules, however, shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. The component cities and municipalities shall retain their basic autonomy and shall be entitled to their own local executive and legislative assemblies.

While there is adequate inter-island water and air transportation, land transportation in many provinces, particularly those in the Visayas and Mindanao group of islands, is far from satisfactory.

There is hereby created the independent Office of the Ombudsman, composed of the Ombudsman to be known as Tanodbayan, one overall Deputy and at least one Deputy each for Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Bona fide candidates for any public office shall be free from any form of harassment and discrimination.

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The Senate or the House of Representatives or any of its respective committees may conduct inquiries in aid of legislation in accordance with its duly published rules of procedure. In other words, the political and institutional infrastructure of a democratic government was in place in the Philippines at the time of independence. The President shall not be eligible for any re-election. Written questions shall be submitted to the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives at least three days before their scheduled appearance. Among the British colonies, multi-ethnic Singapore, whose population is predominantly Chinese, chose English. Promulgate its rules of procedure and exercise such other powers or perform such functions or duties as may be provided by law. The Philippine ranking in regulatory enforcement remained unchanged at 55th since The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory. Duterte did not stem their growth and persistence leading to the elections. The President shall provide for regional development councils or other similar bodies composed of local government officials, regional heads of departments and other government offices, and representatives from non-governmental organizations within the regions for purposes of administrative decentralization to strengthen the autonomy of the units therein and to accelerate the economic and social growth and development of the units in the region. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination. The Americans gave Filipinos limited self-government at the local level by , and the Americans passed the Philippine Organic Act in to introduce a national government; by , an election to the Philippine Assembly was held. Unless otherwise provided by law, the regular election for President and Vice-President shall be held on the second Monday of May.

Of those first appointed, the Chairman shall hold office for seven years, one Commissioner for five years, and the other Commissioner for three years, without reappointment. This made Marcos in declare martial law and suspend the constitution. The President, Vice-President, the Members of the Cabinet, and their deputies or assistants shall not, unless otherwise provided in this Constitution, hold any other office or employment during their tenure.

Submit to the President and the Congress, a comprehensive report on the conduct of each election, plebiscite, initiative, referendum, or recall.

The President of the Philippines shall exercise general supervision over local governments. The Vice-President may be appointed as a Member of the Cabinet.

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The State of Philippine Democracy