An introduction to the history of sir tomas more

The popular sixteenth-century English Protestant historian John Foxewho "placed Protestant sufferings against the background of It resulted in a second book of essays, eight by eight different authors, that was published as Shakespeare and Sir Thomas More; Essays on the Play and its Shakespearean Interest.

The perfectly orderly and reasonable social arrangements of Utopia based loosely on monastic communalism are contrasted with the contentious social life of European states, and the social need for order and discipline is emphasized rather than liberty.

He immediately began to oppose the large and unjust exactions of money which King Henry VII was demanding from his subjects.

where did thomas more live

Some years later Dudley, the Speaker of the House of Commons, told More that he was only saved from being beheaded by the fact that he had not attacked the king in person. Gerard Wegemer, and Clarence H. One of the characters in the novel compares More favorably to almost every other major historical figure: "He had one completely honest moment right at the end.

Although he may not have founded the genre of Utopian and dystopian fiction, More certainly popularized it.

thomas more biography

He shares his feast day, June 22 on the Catholic calendar of saintswith Saint John Fisher, the only Bishop during the English reformation to refuse to deny the Catholic faith and allegiance to the Pope.

Foxe's Book of Martyrs, original reprint ed. The manuscript is notable for the light it sheds on the collaborative nature of Elizabethan drama and theatrical censorship of the era. Thomas More in Literature More was portrayed as a wise and honest statesman in the play Sir Thomas More, which was probably written in collaboration by Henry Chettle, Anthony Munday, William Shakespeareand others, and which survives only in fragmentary form after being censored by Edmund Tylney, Master of the Revels in the government of Queen Elizabeth I.

Thomas more facts

Foxe's Book of Martyrs, original reprint ed. At least one, and probably two, of the leaves immediately following the original leaves 6 and 7 are missing. William Shakespeare is indebted to More for his portrait of the tyrant. With this in mind, he assisted Henry VIII with writing the "Defence of the Seven Sacraments" in a polemic response to Luther's "On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church" , beginning a violent exchange which led to intemperate personal insults. The lines in Hand D "are now generally accepted as the work of Shakespeare. More and Erasmus collaborated on a Latin translation of the works of Lucian, which was published in Paris in More wrote poetry in Latin and English, and published a translation of the life of Pico della Mirandola. Along with Erasmus , More was responsible for reviving Hedonism to some extent, defending it on religious grounds. One group of scholars believes that the judges dismissed the first two charges malicious acts and tried More only on the final one but others strongly disagree. His head was fixed upon a pike over London Bridge for a month, according to the normal custom for traitors. While Roman Catholic scholars maintain that More's attitude in composing Utopia was largely ironic and that he was at every point an orthodox Christian, Marxist theoretician Karl Kautsky argued in the book Thomas More and his Utopia that Utopia was a shrewd critique of economic and social exploitation in pre-modern Europe and that More was one of the key intellectual figures in the early development of socialist ideas. He later studied at Oxford, and qualified as a lawyer, although he did contemplate becoming a monk. And appetite, an universal wolf So doubly seconded with will and power Must make perforce an universal prey, And last eat up himself. Act II[ edit ] A group of native Londoners plan to set fire to the foreigners' homes. A number of modern writers, such as Richard Marius, have attacked More for alleged religious fanaticism and intolerance manifested, for instance, in his enthusiastic persecution of heretics.

The work is considered the first masterpiece of English historiography the study of history, or the study of a particular historical subjectand, despite remaining unfinished, influenced subsequent historians, including William Shakespeare.

In earlyMore was accused by Thomas Cromwell of having given advice and counsel to the "Holy Maid of Kent," Elizabeth Bartona nun who had prophesied that the king had ruined his soul and would come to a quick end for having divorced Queen Catherine.

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Sir Thomas More