A biography of julius caesar a strong leader of ancient rome

Whoever had been consul in this critical year would have had to initiate such legislation, whatever his personal political predilections. Second, he wanted to create a strong central government in Rome. Crassus and Pompey, however, were intense rivals.

A biography of julius caesar a strong leader of ancient rome

He turned to Marcus Licinius Crassusone of Rome's richest men. Roman satirists ever after referred to the year as "the consulship of Julius and Caesar.

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One of the perquisites of the praetorship and the consulship was the government of a province , which gave ample opportunity for plunder. In February 44 BC, one month before his assassination, he was appointed dictator in perpetuity. He conquered all of Gaul. In 53 BC Crassus was killed leading a failed invasion of the east. He advanced inland, and established a few alliances. This process, of fusing the entire Roman Empire into a single unit, rather than maintaining it as a network of unequal principalities, would ultimately be completed by Caesar's successor, the Emperor Augustus. He finally defeated Pompey, chasing him all the way to Egypt. This informal alliance, known as the First Triumvirate "rule of three men" , was cemented by the marriage of Pompey to Caesar's daughter Julia. Crassus, a leader known as the richest man in Roman history, offered Caesar financial and political support that proved to be instrumental in his rise to power.

But when he led his troops across the Rubicon River in defiance of the Roman Senatehe distinguished himself for the ages and set Rome on a path of transformation from republic to empire.

Caesar had not proscribed his enemies, instead pardoning almost all, and there was no serious public opposition to him.

What did julius caesar do

From the beginning, he probably privately aimed at winning office, not just for the sake of the honours but in order to achieve the power to put the misgoverned Roman state and Greco-Roman world into better order in accordance with ideas of his own. Murder Some people in Rome felt that Caesar was too powerful. But when he led his troops across the Rubicon River in defiance of the Roman Senate , he distinguished himself for the ages and set Rome on a path of transformation from republic to empire. Consul and General At the age of 40 Julius Caesar was elected to consul. Mark Antony, having vaguely learned of the plot the night before from a terrified liberator named Servilius Casca , and fearing the worst, went to head Caesar off. He also was magnanimous to his opponents, including Marcus Junius Brutus, a supporter of Pompey. Caesar finally raised the siege, fell back into central Greece, and defeated Pompey, who had pursued him, at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 b. Caesar won comfortably, despite his opponents' greater experience and standing. Faced with the choice between a triumph and the consulship, Caesar chose the consulship.

Caesar was then drawn into an affair with Cleopatra in Egypt and finally had to fight two more battles with the Pompeians, one in North Africa Thapsus, 46 b. When he declared himself dictator for life in 45 B.

In 43 B.

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The traditional competition among members of the Roman nobility for office and the spoils of office was thus threatening to turn into a desperate race for seizing autocratic power.

As Caesar pursued Pompey loyalists in North Africa, he became politically and romantically entangled with the queen Cleopatra and had a son with her named Caesarion. However, he also wanted to stand for consul, the most senior magistracy in the republic.

Julius caesar biography

Meanwhile, Crassus still had never completely overcome his disdain for Pompey. He altered the Roman calendar and reorganized the construction of local government. As governor of Gaul, Caesar was in charge of four Roman legions. Visit Website In 84 B. He was granted a golden chair in the Senate, was allowed to wear triumphal dress whenever he chose, and was offered a form of semi-official or popular cult , with Mark Antony as his high priest. Caesar pursued Pompey, hoping to capture Pompey before his legions could escape. At around the age of six, Gaius began his education. In February 44 BC, one month before his assassination, he was appointed dictator in perpetuity. He built new buildings and temples in the city of Rome. As a sign of leniency, he first had their throats cut.

A benevolent victor, Caesar even invited some of his defeated rivals to join him in the government. He was stabbed 23 times.

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Biography for Kids: Julius Caesar